1. Silverman, W. K., Ortiz, C. D., Viswesvaran, C., Burns, B. J., Kolko, D. J., Putnam, F. W., & Amaya-Jackson, L. (2008). Evidence-based psychosocial treatments for children and adolescents exposed to traumatic events. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 37(1), 156-183.
    • This article was a meta-analysis on the effects of select treatments for children and adolescents exposed to traumatic events. The study found that Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy met the well-established criteria. This was seen through positive outcomes across posttraumatic stress, depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and externalizing behavior problems when compared with wait list and control clients.
  2. Seidler, G. H., & Wagner, F. E. (2006). Comparing the efficacy of EMDR and trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy in the treatment of PTSD: a meta-analytic study. Psychological medicine, 36(11), 1515-1522.
    • EMDR and TF-CBT are widely popular interventions used in treatment of trauma. This study sought to compare the efficacy between these interventions and see if one was more favorable. The results showed that there could not be a determination of which is superior because the clinical difference between them was not significant.
  3. Foster, J. M., & Hagedorn, W. B. (2014). Through the eyes of the wounded: A narrative analysis of Children’s sexual abuse experiences and recovery process. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 23(5), 538-557. doi:10.1080/10538712.2014.918072
    • This article sought to analyze trauma narratives written by children in interventions. Three themes emerged: 1) memories of the abuse 2) the disclosure and subsequent events 3) the healing journey. During the first theme, there were three sub themes: Abuse Descriptions, Perpetrators of the Abuse, and Thoughts and Feelings. The disclosure related to how the children told other people about the abuse, usually a caregiver. They also wrote about the investigation that proceeded.  The healing journey also has three sub themes of counseling, life changes, and the future.
  4. Sitzer, D., & Stockwell, A. (2015). The art of wellness: A 14-week art therapy program for at-risk youth. Arts in Psychotherapy, 45, 69-81. doi:10.1016/j.aip.2015.05.007
    • This study has 23 females and 19 males participate in a program promoting coping skills and resilience. Results indicated significant increases for the total sample in resilience, social and emotional functioning. Results also indicated male students’ overall stronger improvement relative to female students.
  5. Ahrens, J., & Rexford, L. (2002). Cognitive processing therapy for incarcerated adolescents with PTSD. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 6(1), 201-216.
    • In this study, thirty eight traumatized incarcerated boys ages 15–18 years old were randomized to either receive CPT or be in the wait list control group. the results showed that the boys in the CPT group had reduced symptoms of anxiety, depression, intrusion, avoidance, and numbing when compared to the control group.

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