Empirically-Based Counseling-Related Strategies

  1. Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT)
    • TF-CBT is a “short term treatment model that is effective at improving trauma symptoms in children and adolescents. It also addresses other symptoms such as depression, anxiety, cognitive and behavioral problems, improves parent or caregivers personal distress about the child’s traumatic experience, parenting skills, and supportive interactions with the child.”
  2. Eye Movement Desensitization & Reprocessing (EMDR)
    • EMDR is a procedure for resolving trauma or loss memories. “Briefly, it involves having the client concentrate on the worst memory while visually following the therapists moving fingers; this is repeated with different aspects of the memory until no further distress remains.”
  3. Narrative Therapy
    • “Narrative therapy is a method of therapy that separates the person from the problem and encourages people to rely on their own skill sets to minimize the problems that exist in their everyday lives. Throughout life, personal experiences are transformed into personal stories that are given meaning and help shape a person’s identity, and narrative therapy utilizes the power of people’s personal stories to discover the life purpose of the narrator.”
  4. Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT)
    • “CPT is an exposure variant that involves having the client write down the trauma memory rather than speak it; the writing may provide some distance, making the procedure more tolerable.”
  5. Art Therapy
    • “Art therapy moves the client and therapist from the traditional talk therapy roles and into a process that may be less provocative. The medium serves as a bridge between you and the therapist, allowing exploration to occur at a comfortable pace.”

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